One of the most apparent things initially to any first-time visitor to the city of Moscow is the sheer size of not only the city but the buildings and areas within it. Red Square, for example, possible the most famous location in the whole of Russia, is absolutely huge, and an ideal starting point to any tour of Russia's capital city, the most recognisable aspect of the square being the iconic multi-coloured onion-shaped domes of St Basil's Cathedral.
It is also near to many of Moscow's main attractions, the most famous of these being the Kremlin, which runs along one side of the square. Originally constructed in the 10th Century and designed as a palace for the sovereigns of Russia, the Kremlin as it stands now was completed in the 16th Century and now serves as the working offices for the country's President. The Kremlin itself is vast and contains several churches, a few museums and some striking historical monuments.
Other sights to see in the vicinity of the Red Square include the astoundingly-large GUM shopping centre; the State Historical Museum which covers all areas of Russian history; and the ever-so-slightly macabre Lenin's Mausoleum, with the chance to view the dead body of Russia's former Great Leader.
Just a few minutes walk away from Red Square is Theatre Square, containing the Bolshoi Theatre, one of a number of impressive buildings to find within the square. And of course this is one of the places to visit at night if you are keen on witnessing any kind of theatre performance.
For art lovers the Tretyakov Gallery contains the most extensive and significant collection of Russian painting to found anywhere, from Byzantium times up until the 20th Century. The Pushkin Musuem of Fine Arts is another must see and contains a huge array of international art from the past 3000 years, whilst the KGB Museum is a must for anyone intrigued by the mysterious secret Russian police, although visitors are advised to book for tours well in advance.
Other attractions include the Novodichy Convent, a UNESCO World Heritage Site founded in 1524 which contains some stunning pieces of architectural design and was in the past used as a place of residence for unfavoured noblewoman. Next door is the Novedichy Cemetery, where many famous Muscovites are buried, including Kruscheve, Profokiev and Chekhov.
Although probably the easiest method of viewing these locations and others is by taking the Moscow Metro, one should also be aware that the Metro itself contains some of the most beautiful pieces of architecture in the whole of the city, with the Mayakovskaya, Revolyutsii and Komsomolskaya stations in particular being well worth seeing.